is the grass any bluer...

is the grass any bluer...
on the other side?

Tuesday, December 7, 2010

Pearl Harbor Revisited



December 7th, 1941
A day that will live in infamy...

These photos of the bombing of Pearl Harbor were 
recently discovered in an old Brownie Camera

stored in a foot locker, 


and just recently taken to be developed. 

They are from a sailor who was on the USS QUAPAW ATF-11O.  




















Pearl Harbor

On Sunday, December 7th, 1941 the Japanese launched a surprise attack against the U.S. Forces stationed at Pearl Harbor , Hawaii.  By planning his attack on a Sunday,

the Japanese commander Admiral Nagumo, hoped to catch 
the entire fleet in port. As luck would have it, the Aircraft Carriers
and one of the Battleships were not in port. 


(The USS Enterprise was returning from Wake Island , 
where it had just delivered some aircraft. 
The USS Lexington was ferrying aircraft to Midway, 
and the USS Saratoga and USS Colorado were 
undergoing repairs in the United States .)

In spite of the latest intelligence reports about the 

missing aircraft carriers (his most important targets), 
Admiral Nagumo decided to continue the attack with 
his force of six carriers and 423 aircraft. 
At a range of 230 miles north of Oahu , he launched the 
first wave of a two-wave attack. Beginning at 0600 hours 
his first wave consisted of 183 fighters and torpedo bombers 
which st ruck at the fleet in Pearl Harbor and the airfields in 
Hickam, Kaneohe and Ewa. 


The second strike, launched at 0715 hours, 
consisted of 167 aircraft, which again struck at the same targets.


At 0753 hours, the first wave consisting of 

40 Nakajima B5N2 'Kate' torpedo bombers, 
51 Aichi D3A1 'Val' dive bombers
50 high altitude bombers and 
43 Zeros struck airfields and 
Pearl Harbor.


Within the next hour, the second wave 
arrived and continued the attack.

When it was over, the U.S. Losses were:

Casualties

US Army: 218 KIA, 364 WIA.
US Navy: 2,008 KIA, 710 WIA.
US MarineCorp: 109 KIA, 69 WIA.
Civilians: 68 KIA, 35 WIA.

TOTAL: 2,403 KIA, 1,178 WIA.



Battleships

USS Arizona (BB-39) - total loss when a bomb hit her magazine.
USS Oklahoma (BB-37) - Total loss when she capsized and sunk in the harbor.
USS California (BB-4 4) - Sunk at her berth. Later raised and repaired.
USS West Virginia (BB-48) - Sunk at her berth. Later raised and repaired.
USS Nevada - (BB-36) Beached to prevent sinking. Later repaired.
USS Pennsylvania (BB-38) - Light damage.
USS Maryland (BB-46) - Light damage.
USS Tennessee (BB-43) Light damage.
USS Utah (AG-16) - (former battleship used as a target) - Sunk.


Cruisers

USS New Orleans (CA-32) - Light Damage..
USS San Francisco (CA-38) - Light Damage.
USS Detroit (CL-8) - Light Damage.
USS Raleigh (CL-7) - Heavily damaged but repaired.
USS Helena (CL-50) - Light Damage.
USS Honolulu (CL-48) - Light Damage.

Destroyers

USS Downes (DD-375) - Destroyed. Parts salvaged.
USS Cassin - (DD -3 7 2) Destroyed. Parts salvaged.
USS Shaw (DD-373) - Very heavy damage.
USS Helm (DD-388) - Light Damage.

Minelayer

USS Ogala (CM-4) - Sunk but later raised and repaired.

Seaplane Tender

USS Curtiss (AV-4) - Severely damaged but later repaired.

Repair Ship

USS Vestal (AR-4) - Severely damaged but later repaired.

Harbor Tug

USS Sotoyomo (YT-9) - Sunk but later raised and repaired.

Aircraft

188 Aircraft destroyed (92 USN and 92 U.S. Army Air Corps.

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